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SCIENCE

On November 14, 1971, Mariner 9, the first spacecraft to orbit the Red Planet took this and other images of a Martian shield volcano, approximately 25 miles across at the crater. The images were photographed consecutively with the craft’s wide-angle and telephoto lenses. The summit crater and grooves down the …

To begin with, dogs are animal canine. Dogs come from different type of breed, shape, color and sizes. Dogs are very smart canine and can live up to 10-15 years of age. Dogs are bred thru over millennia for various behavior. For example, a female dog can have up to …

Orca are called killer whale and are marine mammals in the ocean. Orca is a member of the dolphins family so is considered the largest dolphin in the ocean and are highly social. Killer whale are black and white and are all over the ocean. They’re known for their long dorsal fin that’s on their …

The first man moon landing was in 1959 by the americans, but many believe its a hoax due to a race between Russia and United States, here are a few explanations on why many people believe this theory. waving flag: theres not supposed to be any oxygen on space. out …

Is FDA approval over-rated?  Not everyone is aware of the fact that it usually takes ten years and approximately 100 million dollars to fully bring a new pharmaceutical through Phase1 to Phase 3 trials, and ultimately to the marketplace.  This process, of course includes the acquisition of approval by the …

Many people incorrectly believe that cancer is caused by one or two occurrences that transpire within the lifetime of an individual.  This is not so.  For a human being to acquire cancer, many factors are involved.  Using phase 1(in vitro studies), phase 2(small animal studies), and phase 3(studies using humans) …

Up until relatively recently;  some individuals, especially in the South, believed that man was created in God’s image and had not evolved from any lower life forms.  However, archaeological evidence, along with explanations of the non-functional organs of various animals ( thought to be derived  from ancient ancestor animal species), …

A now age old question is still making headlines in the news.  Is stem cell therapy morally acceptable?  If one considers the source of the stem cells, one might shudder.  Stem cells are derived from aborted embryos whose cells have not yet differentiated to the specialized cells of a human …

  When DNA is transcribed to mRNA in the nucleus of human cells, the mRNA; minus the introns, makes a complete complement of the DNA so that it may travel to the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum and translate the mRNA sequence into proteins. The mRNA is read by …

  As you probably already know, proto-oncogenes;i.e. the precursors for oncogenes which go on to become a factor in a multi-hit pathway to cause various forms of cancers, may become activated by DNA mutations.  Cancer is not caused by one phenomenom, but a number of processes that may be recognized …